출장부르는법
  • 광주보령 마사지
  • 창원출장샵
  • 진주출장샵
  • 대전마사지 사이트
  • 광주출장샵↣예약금없는출장샵↕광주누루 마사지〈광주안마방 와꾸〉─﹝광주천호 안마방﹞△광주안마방 초이스 토렌트▲광주타이 안마방☻광주의정부 여관┹광주평택 여관▤광주남부터미널 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    대전출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    광주출장샵♥예약금없는출장샵▷광주누루 마사지〈광주검단사거리 안마방〉↹﹝광주덕소 안마방﹞❂광주합정 안마방✡광주안양역 안마방◘광주신흥 안마방☺광주안마방 초이스モ광주감성마사지 뜻

    The governments of more than 190 nations 영광일산 모텔 추천 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    광주출장샵↖예약ヌ광주누루 마사지〈광주창동 안마방〉╬ ﹝광주턱관절 마사지﹞フ광주전신 마사지┞광주부산 해운대 출장█광주출장아가씨⇖광주전립선 마사지 하는 법♥광주타이 출장 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    광주출장샵✤예약✯광주누루 마사지〈광주마사지 남친〉テ﹝광주신천 안마방﹞⇉광주베트남 하노이 마사지➴광주코 높아지는 마사지⇘광주아로마 마사지 후기☻광주베이징 마사지╩광주스킨쉽 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 울산출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    광주출장샵τ24시출장샵エ광주누루 마사지〈광주일본 마사지 토렌트〉╰﹝광주림프선 마사지﹞☢광주양재역 마사지╙광주단체 안마방ⓔ광주거제도 안마방0광주하노이 오아시스 호텔 마사지★광주안마방 단속 일베

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 보성영화 히든 토렌트 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    광주출장샵™예약금없는출장샵ソ광주누루 마사지〈광주안마방 짜파게티〉ω﹝광주새로운 안마방 아가씨﹞┬광주조건 만남❁광주논산 안마방✃광주승모근 마사지♮광주안마방 가는 법╣광주동암 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 군산출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    광주출장샵광주불광동 마사지

  • 의왕남자 출장 마사지
  • 광주궐동 안마방
  • 광주출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    광주출장샵╀24시출장샵┞광주누루 마사지〈광주출장서비스보장〉⇃﹝광주아주대 안마방﹞┠광주가산 안마방♦광주다리 마사지♮광주논현 마사지◆광주마사지 ㅁㅎㅎ♛광주안마방 번호

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 남원엉덩이 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 바카라사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    함평수안보 마사지 부산출장안마 부천안마방 몰카
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 평택출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    광주출장샵┷24시출장샵▒광주누루 마사지〈광주신당동 안마방〉エ﹝광주서양 마사지 fc2﹞⇘광주포천 마사지▪광주해운대 아가씨❀광주전주 안마방 가격セ광주예약금 없는 출장↩광주교대 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 대전태국 에스코트 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    광주출장샵╎예약✃광주누루 마사지〈광주광주 스타 안마방〉┫﹝광주타이 마사지 꿀팁﹞┛광주동남아 안마방◙광주광명사거리 안마방▽광주의정부 안마방┄광주여성 전용 마사지◘광주엘프 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 바카라사이트 .

    화순안마방 장부
    경상북도눈 마사지 전주출장안마 익산위례 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    광주출장샵♨24시출장샵⇞광주누루 마사지〈광주방콕 마사지〉➽﹝광주누들누 드﹞┨광주공유 마사지↔광주크리스마스 안마방❉광주군산 터미널 모텔☏광주항문 마사지“광주위례 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 전주출장샵 .

    광주출장샵┗예약↺광주누루 마사지〈광주하드코어 안마방〉◘﹝광주안마방 아영이 토렌트﹞⇢광주안마방 신림♥광주익산 모텔 가격▀광주눈붓기빼는 마사지╒광주나주 마사지↠광주안성 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 천안출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 군산모텔 보도 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    광주출장샵┄예약금없는출장샵♯광주누루 마사지〈광주콜걸〉┨﹝광주부산 사상 출장﹞✄광주베트남 마사지 야동╜광주안마방 리뷰♞광주군산 안마방↮광주한국 마사지▒광주족저근막염 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    광주출장샵♦24시출장샵♘광주누루 마사지〈광주관평동 마사지〉☎﹝광주양평 마사지﹞♡광주나트랑 마사지❉광주눈커지는 마사지⇉광주딥티슈 마사지◊광주아가씨 썰ζ광주토렌트 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 진해맹인 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 대구출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 온라인카지노 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 거창대만 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 바카라사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    광주출장샵▤예약↺광주누루 마사지〈광주토렌트 안마방〉§﹝광주경찰 안마방﹞↺광주목포 안마방κ광주모텔 아가씨↕광주국산_신작_안마방¤광주동대구 마사지┎광주의정부 대딸방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 온라인카지노 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 수원출장안마 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 수원출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    광주출장샵⇉출장부르는법┛광주누루 마사지〈광주태릉입구역 안마방〉┏﹝광주러시아 밤문화﹞▨광주안마방 위치⊥광주강남 안마방┿광주안마방 홈런☈광주창녕 마사지☯광주출장샵

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    평택남포동 안마방
    바카라사이트 서울 종로 마사지 lovedonggu.xyz
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    광주출장샵☷예약금없는출장샵┟광주누루 마사지〈광주허벅지 마사지〉♤﹝광주지행 안마방﹞▶광주필승 안마방⇚광주주안 마사지△광주용산역 마사지♝광주천안 안마방➴광주호텔식 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.광주출장샵광주마사지 앱▫광주분당 안마방╗﹝광주안마방 서울﹞광주모유 마사지☺광주눈붓기빼는 마사지カ광주안마방 tumblr☌광주이동국 안마방“창원출장샵출장부르는법광주타이 마사지 썰★광주탑 클래스₪〖광주여성 전신 마사지〗광주부천역 안마방┬광주사각근 마사지▷광주전국 안마방┳광주광주 안마방 후기▄광주출장샵아산필리핀 안마방광주마사지 1위 작품┡광주부산 서면 모텔§(광주마사지 자격증)광주거유 마사지↜광주청주 마사지┨광주태국마사지 후기✄광주범계역 안마방▬광주안마방 야간☏광주평택 여관✯〖광주병점 안마방〗광주호텔 마사지┨광주타이마사지 불법∷광주푸켓 크리스틴 마사지⇡광주일본 마사지 몰카┯광주전북 안마방┗광주여관 아가씨↤‹광주마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ›광주마포구 안마방╏광주아로마마사지 꿀팁⇞광주새로운 안마방 아가씨❈광주출장오피囍광주음경 마사지►광주수원 출장ウ〔광주여성전용 안마방〕광주출장샵추천◦광주사상구 마사지↧광주출장↾광주역곡 안마방☺24시출장샵고성여성 전신 마사지예약광주논산 안마방✍광주아중리 안마방ナ﹝광주일본 마사지 몰카﹞광주출장오피☃광주오피 안마방♬광주장요근 마사지▤광주안마방 torrent♦광주출장샵광주출장샵전주출장안마광주석남동 안마방광주다리 마사지 기계광주월곶 마사지광주울산 동구 마사지광주출장샵광주상해 마사지↺광주한국야동 안마방ア[광주안마방 수면]광주김해 출장 마사지☣광주안마방 애무╓광주미금 안마방↝광주문산 마사지▫태백안마방 떡

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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